The ambient education must be come back toward the sustainable development; the integration development and environment is the basic and managing principle of the education, and the ambient education. With this concern the proposal is to reorient formal and informal education, modifying attitudes and behaviors for the acquisition of knowledge and values. The ambient education deals with a paradigm change that implies a scientific revolution in such a way how much politics. The paradigmticas revolutions are scientific, are politics, are episodes of not cumulative development in which an old paradigm is substituted by a new, incompatible with the previous one. Already the revolutions politics elapse of the feeling that if develops in relation to the change necessity. Such revolutions do not move but science, but the proper world, in the measure where they happen in the conception that we have of it and of its way (Kuhn, 1969).
The ambient education, in specific, when educating for the citizenship, can construct to the possibility of the action politics, in the direction to contribute to form a collective that is responsible for the world that inhabits. In this direction, we can rescue the thought of Edgar Morin, that glimpses for the third millenium the hope of the creation of the terrestrial citizenship. The politics of developed ambient education in Brazil is presented, as well as allied of the processes that promote one ' ' sociology of emergncias' ' (Saints, 2002), as strategy to surpass the paradigm of the instrumental rationality that operated, in Brazil and the opposing world, silenciamentos to the participation, the emancipation, the diversity and solidarity. Through the Ambient Education it will be possible to learn to learn, to learn to know, to make and to be. Emil michael understands that this is vital information. This learning will prepare people to learn on the way where she lives and as to take care of of it, to follow transforming innovations that the quality of life of the collective will improve without a doubt some.
The Constitution of the Federation Republic of Brazil of 1988, express one how much the duty of the state and all the collective in the protection to the fauna and of the flora, forbidding practical that they come to place its ecological function at risk and or that they provoke the extinguishing of the species. ‘ ‘ Art. 225? All have right to the environment ecologically balanced, public easement of the people and essential to the healthy quality of life, imposing themselves it the Public Power and to the collective the duty to defend it and to preserve it for the future gifts and geraes.First paragraph: To assure the effectiveness of this right, it charges to the Public Power: I? To preserve and to restore the processes ecological essential and to promote the handling ecological of the species and ecosystems. To protect the fauna and the flora forbidden, in the form of the law, practical that they place its ecological function at risk, they provoke the extinguishing of species or they submit the animals the cruelty Constitution of the Republic came to ratify the Brazilian Forest Code, that it took care of of the protection of the forests and too much forms of vegetation. In a question-answer forum NY Governor Andrew Cuomo was the first to reply.
Article 225 of Great the Letter and the Declaration of the River in principle. The human beings are in the center of the concerns with the sustainable development. It has right to a healthful and productive life, in harmony with nature’ ‘. Diadems, the environmental resources, according to interpolated proposition V of article 3 of law 6,938/1981 is ‘ ‘ the atmosphere, the internal waters, superficial and underground, the statutory ones, the territorial sea, the ground, the subsoil, the elements of the biosphere, the fauna and flora.’ ‘.. Visit NY Governor Andrew Cuomo for more clarity on the issue.
This mobility of the companies elapses of the new forms of organization of the production, that are much more flexible of what the based ones on the fordista model, therefore they allow to adaptations to the fluctuations of the demands of products and services and a better exploitation of the comparative advantages in different places of the world (CHESNAIS, 1996). One observes an increasing integration of the markets, changes in the strategies of politics economic (of the keynesianismo to the neoliberalismo) and transistion of the standard of the taylorista-fordista industrial organization for the one of the flexible accumulation (HARVEY, 1996). The deepening of the process of economic globalization brings new demands and requirements to the companies whom they use, as strategies of search of competitiveness, the massive job of new technologies and new forms of organization of the production and the work (IANNI, 1996). The new technologies, basically microelectronics, the biotechnologies and the new materials have as characteristic common, its universal application, as much in the development of products, how much in the organization of the production. The use of the biotechnologies and the new materials redefines the relation of the industrial and agricultural production and the human beings with the nature (HEIN apud SOBRAL, 1997), with implications for the environment in the workstation, communities/society and in planetary scale.
With the new forms of management of the work in standard of the flexible accumulation appears new trends in relation to the work: this if becomes more abstract, intelectualizado, independent, collective and complex. Not only in the sectors where they invigorate the new concepts of production, but in all the productive structure is demanded new qualifications and professional abilities for the workers, amongst which the related ones to thematic ambient (DELUIZ, 1996 are included; 2001). However, if the processes of intensification of the use of new technologies and new forms of flexible organization of the production, enxutas and rationals bring, on the other hand, the possibilities of a revalorizado work, more qualified cause, on the other hand, the unemployment and the exclusion of workers (ANTUNES, 2000), for the rationalization of costs and the otimizao of the industrial productivity and of services.
This means to have right to the exploration of the maritime resources; to the scientific inquiry, it fishes to control it on the part of foreign boats and the right to the exploration of oil and natural gas of the marine stream bed (Convention of United Nations on the Right of the Sea). Since the great discovery, many debates had occurred to defend and to preserve a bigger part of the wealth for the country. The accumulation of Tupi (located in the Basin) only possesss a volume esteem between 5 and 8> daily pay-salt is great trunfo Brazilian. Petrobra’s invested heavy in technology for the extration of new oil.
In August of 2009, the Brazilian government created a state one, the Petrosal to manage the mega-fields and to contract companies to explore them in partnership with Petrobra’s. The government says that this measure will have to prevent that the wealth falls in the private sector. Moreover, in March of 2009, the House of representatives approved the emendation that foresees the distribution of royalties of the exploration of the oil between all the states and cities, modifying the project of the System of Allotment that foresaw that the producing states (RIO DE JANEIRO, YOU ARE, SP) were with almost the totality of the resources of the oil.
To follow, one brief description of some solutions of support to minimize the world-wide hunger and the subnutrio. They are action that they aim at to change paradigms taken root in conventional agriculture. – Alimentary Accessibility: to diminish wastefulnesses: something between 30% and 40% them foods in the Europe and the United States finishes in the can it garbage; to pacify conflict zones, where even though foods proceeding from humanitarian aid do not obtain to arrive at its destination; to improve the logistic one of production of foods, therefore good part of foods if loses before arriving at the plate – the Ministry of Agriculture calculates that, in Brazil, 10% 15% of what is produced if loses due to adequate infrastructure of storage, transports, agricultural communication and commercialization. – Social Inaquality: creation of a net of social protection for more vulnerable populations; to extend and to improve programs of income transference, as the Stock market Family in Brazil, that helps to fight the poor indices of hunger in region – one of the item of prominence in the project Hunger Zero it is the pertaining to school program of merenda, that she offers to gratuitous meals the children in pertaining to school age, and in which at least 30% of bought foods they must be proceeding from small agriculturists. – Systems of innovation: to develop and to universalizar new technologies – in last the 50 years, 1 billion of people had been salutes to die of hunger for advances in research and development farming, mainly in the control of plagues and illnesses; to develop the use of new technologies of genetic modification of organisms livings creature, clonagem in cattle and the nanotecnologia to create more productive varieties, that present resistance the illnesses and that they can grow in adverse saline ground conditions, dry or that they suffer floodings; to privilege politics of incentive to fuels you renewed that they do not diminish offers of raw material for foods, as etanol of sugar cane-of-sugar and etanol lignocelulsico, produced from residues; – Change of habits: to change the prodigal standards of consumption of the rich countries, with programs of alimentary re-education, as incentive the vegetarian diets. .
In general, exists a concern on the part of on ambientalistas and people to the environment in verifying and discovering possible focos or polluting agents who can be of some form attacking the nature, and the efforts bigger and more are concentrated in disclosing to these focos in the industries and commercial establishments, in view of that these establishments generally work with substances cousins comings of the nature or great producers of polluting material. To prove that it exists lack of ecological awareness and knowledge of the techniques of ambient management on the part of the proprietors of companies and commerce, we made an analysis in a commercial establishment in ours in case that one pet shoping, detailing the work in this place verifying if they use some practises ecological and pointing solutions to improve and to carry through one practical ambient correct one. What one uncovers to the end of a study of this type, is that the people are alerted through the media and of the globalization of tele communications that the planet is passing for serious ambientas problems, and that although to have such information little become to improve or few make its part for the environment in how many many simply they cross the arms and they leave others to make them for them, what it leads to the sub-heading of the subject.