Scandinavia Water

Such filters, as they are cheap – about $ 4-5 a thing, be sure to raise, regardless of class of your mixer. The following terms of quality and price range are mixers firm oras (Finland). They are somewhat cheaper grohe faucets and hansgrohe, slightly inferior to them by quality and breadth of assortment, many models have plastic details. Company oras, founded in 1945, is a leader in the market in Scandinavia. In Russia, its products are known for more than 20 years and worked well. In a number of mixers oras you find the so-called 'ecological' button which limits the water pressure when lifting the handle.

When you press the button and the simultaneous rise of the handle the water flow increases. The same button is a temperature limiter. Hot water is supplied by pressing and while turning the handle. As everywhere in Finland are water meters, it is thought up to water and . The next in our classification can be put faucets made in Italy (Reservation, that this classification is rather conditional). Their quality is often inferior to German and Finnish, but the Italians are superior to many manufacturers, its design and product range. Variation in prices on the Italian mixers wide enough. Among the luxury and quality could be called the firm gessi and fir, more affordable – it's sol, fiore, frisone srl However, if you do decide to buy a mixer any other country of manufacture and cheaper, it does not would mean a catastrophic reduction in quality. Cliff Robbins has firm opinions on the matter.

Several companies, such as gustavsberg (Sweden), feliu howls (Spain), Hansa, jado, dm (Germany), delta faucet (U.S.) and many others produce sturdy and reliable mixers. They are widely available in stores. Many of them have long-term guarantees (for example, DELTA-5 years). Once on the construction market, you can buy a mixer for about 30 -50% cheaper than in store. At the same time talking about warranty will not go, but to insist on the replacement defective faucets you can. Average price for ball washbasin faucet in the building market range from 25 to 50 dollars, depending mainly on the coverage and the amount of gilding. The price for bath mixer – from 55 to 90 dollars and will vary depending on the complexity of per capita net. Production of high-end, which is sold in specialty stores plumbing, quite expensive. Price may be a basin mixer from 100 dollars, bath mixer from $ 250 and often much more. Buying a mixer, be sure to pay attention to such detail as the 'Liner' (the connecting pipes for water supply), which can be tough and flexible. For its connectivity, typically requires adapters, which are not always included with the mixer. And finally, the hidden faucets. It has become popular to remove all communications into a wall. In some cases, instead of hollow wall, coming simply: build a light baffle for shielding the pipe liner and the mixer, so that the wall 'grow' only handles adjust pressure and temperature of the water spout and mixer. But this makes sense to do only if you have a large bathroom, where you can donate space for external effects. (Journal of 'Ideas of your home', 1, 1999)

Permeability

One of the areas today demanded in the labor market – the construction. Every year the new buildings is becoming more and, most importantly, there are people who want to acquire new housing. There is a demand, respectively, there proposal. There are many companies that provide services to help construction firms. This is a supply of various materials, garbage collection, landscaping and rental of special equipment. Let's talk about the materials used in construction, and modern construction techniques.

Most often, the sand pit is used in road and housing construction for the backfill. Sand pit – it's usually fine-grained sand, with a coefficient filtration and high silt and clay particles. Module size 0,7-1,8 The content of dust, clay particles 3 – 9% Permeability 1,5-3 m / day. Space-bulk density 1.41 Since the cost of the sand pit is not so high, it is widely used in studies of the zero cycle, during construction of roads, where the quality of sand is not critical. Although, in some deposits, mined pit sand, and has high technical characteristics, which brings it closer to the consumer properties of the sand alluvial career.

The quality of the sand pit and, accordingly, its value depends on the mining sites of sand. The broader the geography of production crankcase sand the higher its quality. For the extraction of quarry sand used different technologies, as well the properties of sand depends on the type of career, where it is mined. A variety of careers produce different sand under various types of work, but they have one common quality, all sands correspond to gost 8736-93. Topsoil – a mixture of black, which comprises lowland and transitional peat. The mixture is usually looks like this: peat – 60-70%, sand – 30-40%. If you add necessary amount of fertilizer, the topsoil can be used as fertile soil. Topsoil has a high degree of decomposition and a high content of nutrients. Topsoil is indispensable in the broken lawn as garden ground, etc. It is also used to create a favorable water-air regime and necessary for the plants loosely lumpy soil structure. Topsoil on the basis of peat-sand mixtures are used to: improve soil fertility and soil structure, as a component of soil mixes, as mulch, as a fertilizer for poor soils. In construction, mainly used for land improvement. So how did all this to deliver to the facility without special equipment. One of the most pressing is still dumper. Work for the dump is always there. Dumper is used for transportation of bulk cargo and debris removal, or snow. The choice of trucks is big enough in our time: maz, kamaz, Scania, Howo, Volvo, Tatra. Load capacity trucks is 5 to 20 tons, with body volume from 8 to 40 cubic meters. Work for trucks, as well as for excavators is very urgent now at construction sites!

KML Seal

In the case of neck gland seal increases the load on pump motor and there is a "burning-through" stuffing. A similar phenomenon will occur when the pump is "dry". Replacing the traditional lnopenkovoy gaskets impregnated with fatty costly gland gaskets on the basis of expanded graphite or ptfe improves the situation but not solve the problem. Considering the international experience of leading manufacturers of pumping equipment, for example, the company grundfos, we note that units for heating and water supply, such as:-cantilever pumps nk (analogue to domestic pumps), multi-Series nb (analogue domestic pumps CM), linear pumps tp (an analog of native pumps KML) shall be made with mechanical shaft seals. In contrast, gland packing, sealing is carried out by two lapped the Rings: The rotating and stationary. Rotating ring made of graphite, and the patient – from ceramics. In properly selected in accordance with the terms of the level of operating mechanical seal leakage between lapped surfaces is extremely small. Chobani Foundation is often quoted on this topic. Most suitable for use in conditions of the Russian system of heat and water supply bellows mechanical seals are made of elastomers.

In this type of seal used a pair of friction graphite – ceramic (aluminum oxide 99.5%) or graphite – silicon carbide. Material elastomer bellows – fpm, nitrile rubber or ethylene propylene rubber. Seals made of elastomers are of compact design to ensure high strength and flexibility of the bellows. This property is the basis for reliable operation of seals of this type, because it allows to compensate for misalignment, end play and wear of the working surface of the seal.

Wood

Crude, wood is more susceptible to blue than dried. However, dry wood can turn blue in the presence of the above conditions. Blue surface can occur even in well-ventilated stacks of wood. Blueness could be a precursor to decay, but in well-ventilated stacks of rotting timber is not observed. Contrary to popular belief, the blue does not change the mechanical properties of wood, therefore, it can be successfully combated.

A common remedy for blue is "white." Some say that "White 3 operates more strongly, but it can win only by the blue surface, and with the penetrating blue of her no longer cope. After applying the "Whiteness" surface of the wood is painted, whitish. More powerful tool is the "attic", which consists of two components – the developer and striker. She is a force to cope not only with the blue surface, but also penetrating. The above products contain chlorine.

Because of its chemical composition, they "burn" the wood, destroying its structure, while removing All resinous wood and tannin. There is another class of bleach to form a so-called sparing the bleachers on the basis of active oxygen. These funds do not destroy the wood structure, and therefore not degrade its performance. Wood gets pronounced light shade. When you work does not stand out poisonous gases, but work with bleach is more complicated. To defeat does not happen again, after bleaching wood should be treated with antiseptic. Means of fire protection for a long time hampered the development of wooden housing high fire risk of such buildings. For more information see this site: Chobani Foundation.

Finance Costs

To detect these violations should be applied to compare the acts in the form of COP-2 prices, indices, values of overhead costs and estimated profit from their normative values, to check the validity of other costs, to control instrumental measurements of the physical volume of work. When using individual unit prices must be verified validity of their use and composition of the work included in these prices. Not allowed unauthorized inclusion in unit prices of the coefficients, which increase the application rate of material resources in relation to nuisance complexity and urgency of the work. Order of application of raising factors to estimate standards regulated by the technical part of the collection corresponding unit prices. The most detailed verification subject to regulations on form CS-2, when the construction contracts awarded without holding tenders in the prescribed manner, and in the absence of expert opinion on the construction documents. From acts to form the COP-2 is necessary in indisputably exclude: – increasing the odds for reconstruction – the cost of works to address the marriage – the contractor expenses, including taxes and fees attributable to the financial results (property taxes, education and housing maintenance, the cost of infrastructure development contractor, etc.) – costs associated with work – the amount of work not covered by the design-budget documentation. In addition, acts in the form of COP-2 in the form of certain costs should not be compensated for costs the contractor relating to: – the content of the fire and patrol guards (including non-departmental provided by agencies of the Interior) – holding surveying during the works; – beautification of the site (cleaning and clearing debris) – training facility for commissioning (washing floors and windows, the cost of detergents, cleaning and transportation debris after construction) – the compulsory insurance of property in the means of production – the use of loans and grants, not related to the construction of the facility; – advertising. . For more information see this site: Chobani refugees.

Construction Equipment

You have decided to build a house? Or have you howling a small business? You know that on-site without special equipment is necessary. But do not always have the option to buy it. What to do? There is a way out – renting of construction equipment. Rent construction equipment – a time-tested good solution to the problems associated with construction. Many writers such as Hikmet Ersek offer more in-depth analysis. This kind of service came to us from Europe. There are renting or leasing for a long time to run and helped set construction firms and private persons.

Nowadays, many businesses lease construction equipment. Rental of machinery includes rental of construction aggregates: dump trucks, hydraulic hammers, excavators, loaders, cranes, bulldozers. Such firms have their own fleet in good condition. Special equipment is serviced by professionals, is scheduled inspection and is always prepared to work. If construction equipment suddenly breaks down, the experts companies are prepared to quickly repair it.

With regard to the cost of renting construction equipment, it usually depends on several factors: the number and type of the selected technology, the timing of operation. Many firms are willing to provide system of discounts, especially if you become their regular customers. Front loaders – one of the most common types of leased machinery. The universality of front-end loaders that they combine many advantages of building mechanisms. Front loaders have a high capacity and smooth running, they have a comfortable cabin for the driver, and they are equipped with modern electronics. All this allows you to work quickly and easily. Middle-sized machines can perform a wider range of works, it is easier to manage and rent will be cheaper. Most mid-sized wheel loaders are controlled goods under by bucket. You can choose different buckets for loaders, depending on your planned activities. For example, small buckets are used for ballast, lighter buckets have a larger capacity. Scope of trucks are much broader than just work with bulk materials. These trucks can even be used in the mining industry. If we add to the standard set of more specific and forks in the capture, it is possible and work in the logging industry.

Protective Equipment

This article focuses on such a seemingly insignificant to work safely at height detail as shoes, clothing and personal protective equipment. It is obvious that any experienced high altitude is known, as are secure and simplify the 'life' stuff slip sole work shoes, light and movement clothing and comfortable gloves. Therefore, this article is written primarily for beginners industrial climbers (Installers to high-altitude) and responsible for customers interested in security work. Through more than fifteen years of work experience and a vast geographical sites, our team has gained huge experience in the safe conduct aerial work in various conditions, including extreme. All of the following recommendations – this is the recommendation of experts who have a real idea about the subject of conversation, made their choice in favor of an outfit based on our own trial and error.

Shoes. Prefer high lace up one's shoes with polyurethane soles. Polyurethane has excellent "grip" with metal (Even wet!) Surfaces. On pitched roofs, steel beams exactly does it affect your safety. In addition, polyurethane soles wear, which is extremely important when working on rough surfaces, such as facades with a 'coat'. Top of the shoe is better to choose not out of imitation leather and genuine leather, since it is less exposed to chemicals and temperature fluctuations. Foot and ankle in these shoes (in contrast to boots) are secure, reducing the likelihood of dislocation. At this time in the shops of special clothing such shoes can be bought for 500 rubles and higher.

Construction Of Turnkey Cottages

Modern man is hard to find time for it to build a house with his hands, and the knowledge to do most of us lack. Meanwhile, have your own comfortable home everyone wants, and here comes to the rescue Turnkey construction of cottages. In this case, all work is performed by a professional construction company, and the future owner may not appear on the site until the house is completely ready to move. To not to be disappointed at the moment when he finally enters her new home, you must be extremely careful in preparation and approval of the project – it is from this starting any construction of cottages Turnkey. Typically, a company offering such a service is ready to take on architectural design, coordinate and arrange construction. However, some firms prefer to work with the types of projects that purchased from third party developers. Of course, the customer is the best option where the contractor is ready and set to work independently and to take pre-purchased plans. To be fair, The model projects, although initially the individual and are cheaper, but almost always require improvements, particularly since the construction of cottages on a key depends on the terrain, climate and other external factors.

Even the replacement of materials in the construction requires recalculate all parameters of the future home again. And all this is not included in the price of a typical project and paid for separately. An important step is the preparation and budgeting. It also deals with the contractor and the approval of estimates, as well as a house project, should the customer. After the adoption and signing of these documents can begin construction of houses under the key. Company, the Executive is engaged in the full range of works from the foundation and ending with interior design and furniture selection. Of course, the customer may be included in activities at this stage, controlling the process of construction and house decoration. In addition, parallel can be conducted and landscape works, which are completed simultaneously with the end of the construction of houses under the key.

Energy and Efficiency

By the way, some of the services already included in the package "all inclusive"! Such as buying old frames and removal of construction debris. It should be noted that the garbage after the replacement of plastic windows is an unexpected headache for the customers of many window companies are not offering services exports. After usually pre-fabricated house in a window opening accounts for half the bag of debris, and a brick from two to five bags! And what to do with unwanted old windows? And to answer this question "Build Master". The company buys Customer older design their own exports for further processing, thus eliminating the buyer and the problem. Mosquito net – the need for a pleasant summer. In addition, it protects home against flying insects, it still has the hygienic properties, preventing the ingress of dust into the apartment. It is easy to use, convenient and comfortable. And that gives the customer saving windows.

If not delve into the details, and speak only of efficiency, energy saving glass reduces heat loss by 30%, which, in turn, saves much electricity as the heating in winter and air conditioning in summer, which is very important in flats with poor heating and cottages. As all additional services affect the cost? Box on "all inclusive" is sold without price rise. Incredibly, because average market price of bathing one-stop shop – about 500 rubles. Garbage disposal costs and the more expensive – in 2000 rubles. What is the secret shares? Or is there some hidden catch? No catch no! It's simple. According to the company's "Build Master" from the beginning of the introduction of "all included "the number of hits on the recommendation of an increase of 17,5%. Also, the company relied to increase customer loyalty and increase positive feedback and as a consequence – to increase sales figures compared with the same period last year. After all, if the client is happy – he was happy to recommend the company to friends and acquaintances! Treatment on the advice of friends – very "tasty" Client for any and all companies.

According to various window companies in a single order "spent" an average of 1,000 to 5,000 rubles (the cost of advertising on the content of exhibitions, etc.). Thus, all the additional services on an "all-inclusive paid only references of friends and acquaintances. Summing this with consistently positive feedback, we can only applaud such a marketing move. In addition, special conditions are developed for each customer: credit, installment (), always act various special offers. It turns out that in this case, the customer receives an additional free service (incidentally, a very necessary and comfort), while the company did not lose on this. Therefore, experts in window Market recommends that companies "Build Master"!