As we can observe the difficulty of if desenvolverpesquisas that they glimpse the sustainable development in the Amaznia, in incitaa great challenges, Mello 2000; THERY, 2005; PEAR TREE; RUELLAN, 1991; TUNDISI, 2001; WEIGEL, 2001; both the authors credit that investment in the education nC& T as the best alternative for the dAmaznia sustainable development. Mello (2000) presents as being the two greaters desafiosda scientific research in the Amaznia: the overcoming of the educational deficit eo scientific and technological development. In these two esferasinterdependentes we glimpse the good way to live of the amaznidas ones with apossibilidade of auto-sustainable development adding value to the available recursosnaturais, with the adequate use of technology associated with the ambient necessriapreservao. Of form better to understand the importance of the desafiospropostos for Mello supramentioned on the overcoming of the educational and technological deficit we go to analyze some numbers educational dasinstituies and of research of Brazil to follow. THE EDUCATIONAL DEFICIT AS IMPEDES TO THE DESNVOLVIMENTOSUSTENTAVEL. In the cadastre of Justinian codes of Education Superior of the InstitutoNacional de Ensino and Pesquisa – INEP (2005), present bastantesignificativas information in what it says respect to number of level institutions superiore the great discrepancies in the access and or the ingression of concluintes pupils doensino medium in the modality of superior education can affect directly aqualidade of life and the chances that the educational process can generate emuma region, observes that in the Center-South, specifically in the State of SoPaulo: ' ' That we observe to be anica unit of the federacy with the biggest number of registered institutions of educaosuperior in Cadastro of the Inep (568), followed of Minas Gerais (329), Paran (183), Rio De Janeiro (134), and Bahia (120). It enters the states with menornmero of registered institutions are: Acre (9), Amap (11), Sergipe (12), Roraima (13) and Amazon and Rio Grande of the North (20). .