CHALLENGES current in the training and professional practice of the educational PSYCHOLOGIST psychology of education in Mexico during the first decades of the last century, general psychology is applied in the field of special education, while between 1920 and 1955 takes place the origin and development of the school psychology and educational guidance. In the early 1970s, educational psychologists are beginning to venture into the training of teachers, educational planning, curriculum and instructional design and evaluation. In the UNAM, before 1971 the psychology career is attending within the Faculty of philosophy and letters; It is then when experimental psychologists propose a new curriculum with a clear predominance of the paradigm behavioral and positivist and quantitative insight into the investigation. The curriculum stays when in 1973 is the Faculty of psychology and eventually introduced the creation of professional, including application areas, as innovation among other things, to the psychology of education. Degree in psychology curriculum designed in the 1960’s is based on the technical rationality, given that first taught basics Meanwhile which has more academic status and subsequently applied, following a logic which assumes knowledge of basic and applied research to then enables a relevant vocational training. We can affirm that in due course, the curriculum of the Bachelor of psychology of UNAM was paradigmatic for other public and private universities in the country and modeled many other proposals for formation of the psychologist.
Today we find that the degree in psychology is one of the greater demand at the national level. In the case of psychology education, this experienced a great growth in our country to the extent that ranks second in enrollment and number of graduates. In relation to the professional functions of the educational psychologists, which was more frequent was the evaluation, followed in descending order by planning, intervention, research and detection or diagnosis. In turn, the main business activities of the educational psychologist were located in teaching, planning and implementation of educational programs, vocational and educational guidance and the development of training materials.