From the point of view of academic disciplines, Social Capital-te is the theoretical bridges between a purely economic approach and a social and cultural develop-ment of society. In short, the more social capital, more long-term economic growth, less crime, more health, more democratic governance. The notion is not intended to supplant the weight in the development of macro-economic factors, but it draws attention to be joining them this size. The simple economic reductionism is a narrow and leads to inefficient policies. When we talk of development, points Sustainable Human Development: A key word that should be carefully defined for the RSU. We divide the definition in three adjectives "human", "fair", "sustainable." Human development means the "process of expanding the capabilities of people expand their options and opportunities" (UNDP).
But not limited to access to employment and education and health services, but includes such other fundamental dimensions of humanity such as "the enjoyment of civil and political freedoms and participation of people in the various aspects that affect their lives . The human development concept includes therefore the problem of democratic governance, participation and citizen oversight and generating social capital. It must be noted that the concept of "Development" is different from that of "Assistance", which refers to humanitarian aid to people or populations in emergency or extreme vulnerability. As such, the assistance should be conceived as specific and limited in time, because it does not in itself the possibility of expanding capacity, and may degenerate into "welfarism" which is a process of "anti-development." Equitable development underscores not only the need for all persons, without distinction or exclusion of any kind, can obtain these capabilities for human development, but also the fact (well known today) that economic growth does not necessarily mean improvement for all , ie a "development" which widens the social gap is not a "development." Instead, recent decades have shown us in Latin America as "bue" us "could mean impoverishment macroeconomic performance, exclusion and increased inequality. .